In Poland, the vodka is manufactured since the beginning of the Middle Ages. In those days they were using the spirits mostly as medicines. In 1534 Stefan Falimierz added into the vodka herbs to help awaken lust and increase fertility. The drink became very popular after that and many new recipes appeared.
There are a lot of Polish vodka blends. One of the most famous is the Żubrówka that was created in the 16th century. Then the Goldwasser, appeared in the early 17th. In the 16th century the Starka vodka was produced. They were granted monopoly on the production and sale of that vodka in the territory. The privilege was the fact that it brought substantial profits. The vodka Lubomirska was created as well around the same time period.
The count Wojciech Potocki also opened the Vodka Museum. Now it is housed in the headquarters of the distillery of Count Potocki. It is the distillery that existed since 1784 and it operates "Polmos Łańcut."
During the last part of the XVI-th century large scale vodka production facilities were created in Poland. The vodka was then exported in Silesia. It was exported before 1550. The Silesian bought the vodka from Poznań as the city has about 500 spirits distilleries. Then the Polish vodka was sold in Romania, Netherlands, Germany, Hungary, Austria, Denmark, England, Russia, Ukraine and Bulgaria.
The first productions methods were quite primitive. They used distillation processes that were not very advanced. The production methods were described in the 18th century by Paweł Biretowski. Potato vodka was a new method of production released in the 17th century. During the 18th century the vodka industry empire grew a lot. In 1872 the first industrial distillery appeared, in Lwów and was created by J. A. Baczewski. After him many other noble faces opened vodka factories. In 1925 the production of vodkas became a monopoly of the Polish government.
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